The Learning Model is grounded in the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of intelligence, which describes thinking as a set of seven broad abilities: comprehension, knowledge, long-term retrieval, visual-spatial thinking, auditory processing, fluid reasoning, processing speed, and short-term memory.
According to the Learning Model, an individual takes information in through the senses (input) that must be recognised and analysed by the active processing system (working memory, processing speed, attention). This executive control system determines which information is unimportant, easily handled, or requires thinking. Unimportant information is discarded from working memory. If the input contains important information about data that have already been stored in the knowledge bank, it is quickly retrieved and converted to output, such as speaking or writing.
If the information has not been previously stored, higher thinking processes must then occur. Reasoning, auditory processing, and visual processing must be used to solve the problem or complete the task. If the task is practiced often enough, however, the information is stored in the knowledge bank, which will decrease the time between input to output. This occurs because the higher thinking processes can then be bypassed.
SEVEN KEY COGNITIVE SKILLS
- Attention: Focus over time, despite distraction, or while multitasking
- Processing Speed: Think and perform tasks quickly and accurately
- Working Memory: Hold on to and use information during the learning process
- Auditory Processing: Distinguish, blend, and segment sounds accurately
- Visual Processing: Create and picture mental images while thinking or reading
- Logic & Reasoning: Reason, form ideas, and solve problems
- Long-Term Memory: Efficiently recall facts and stored information
Source: Research Results and Client Outcomes; Amy L. Moore. PhD